Conference Title: International Conference in Business,Technology and Innovation 2013
Conference Title: UBT Publications
Contributing Editos: Prof. Albert Qarri, Prof. Ibrahim Krasniqi, Krenare Pireva, Evelina Bazini, Nita Abrashi
Co-Organizers: Ardian Emini, Vlora Aliu, Betim Gashi, Xhemajl Mehmeti, Kushtrim Dragusha, Murat Retkoceri, Kaltrina Bunjaku, Leonita Braha
Start Date: 2013-11-01
End Date: 2013-11-02
Venue, City, Country: : Hotel Bleart , Durres , Albania

Paper Title

Urban Land Management Policy for The Central and Local government in Albania


Gjergj Thomai , Daniel Guralumi , Iva Mezezi


The peculiar character of urban land influences the urban land market: (i) Land is physically undepreciable and is not influenced by time. (ii) Land is not transportable, (iii) Land is limited in quantity and its supply cannot be increased, and (iv) Land is used not only for production purposes but also as a long-term investment or as a basis for savings. Urban land management is a complex and highly dynamic situation that requires:  -knowledge and understanding of the dynamics and processes of urban growth in a segmented and unregulated land driven market;  -capacity to formulate strategic approaches to planning and development; and  -legislative authority to implement proactive initiatives. Now day’s respective public institutions are not well positioned to address the broader issues and strategies of urban development, yet their decisions create legal precedent and produce concrete activities, which affect the urban environment. Procedures and planning normative are ineffective and inefficient, standards need to be studied and the most important one the land ownership needs to be clarified. Demographic growth, rural urban migration, the rapid expansion of the urbanized zone, land ownership changes, and change in demand and supply of the land resulted in chaotic development patterns, wasteful of land resources and costly to provide with infrastructure and urban services. With the land transactions and building activity occurring outside the legal framework for development, documenting ownership, registering titles, and recording transaction are becoming extremely complex, that in a way are obstacle the intervention for later improvement. The challenge faced by the government is to introduce a comprehensive land management with a mix of options. The purpose of this paper is to review and assess the central and local government policy on land management and development. At the same time, it will also identify the main problems, strengths as well as weaknesses and the area that needs to be improved.