Conference Title: International Conference in Business,Technology and Innovation 2013
Conference Title: UBT Publications
Contributing Editos: Prof. Albert Qarri, Prof. Ibrahim Krasniqi, Krenare Pireva, Evelina Bazini, Nita Abrashi
Co-Organizers: Ardian Emini, Vlora Aliu, Betim Gashi, Xhemajl Mehmeti, Kushtrim Dragusha, Murat Retkoceri, Kaltrina Bunjaku, Leonita Braha
Start Date: 2013-11-01
End Date: 2013-11-02
Venue, City, Country: : Hotel Bleart , Durres , Albania

Paper Title

The Impact of Socialist Realism Ideology in The Albanian Architecture From 1945-1990


Florian Nepravishta, Olisa Ndreçka


The socialist Style in the Eastern European countries was considered a great style. It was called the “proletariat style” that combined the communist ideology with the artistic image, a style that was socialist in content and national in form. Construction and Architecture in Albania after the war until 1990, exactly for 45 years, was guided by certain principles, as aesthetic design concepts, as well as the norms and rules that were binding and strong for architects. “Canons” funnel architects relations with the government and the Party. The architecture of those years except the national distinctive features , recognized the phenomenon that was born and also developed in Eastern European countries like Czechoslovakia, Poland, Bulgaria, Hungaria and Romania and the countries of the former Soviet Union, and underwent totally the socialist realism method borrowed from these states. The initial development of the architecture of the socialist realism in Albania can be found in the decisions of the Labour Party of Albania (PPSH) and the totalitarian government in the Parties meetings that used to be called “Plenium”. As a consequence, after the Second World War, during the years 1945-1990, the Albanian architecture, the development conditions of the constructions, and urban planning were radically changed by the ideas of the socialist realism. This style in Albania was strongly supported by the group of the post-war architects, graduated in the universities of architecture in the former Soviet Union, and in other countries of the former communist camp, and it was also supported by the creativity of Soviet architects who were invited to design very important buildings in Albania. The Labour Party of Albania (PPSH) and the government led the policy of the construction and architecture in Albania, observing the Ministry of Construction as the principal institution for designs, urban studies, engineering and architectural buildings


socialist realism, architecture, government, party